Treatments for Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer that is formed in plasma cells, or white infection-fighting cells. The cancer cells for multiple myeloma accumulate and divide in the bone marrow. These are not mature cells, therefore they produce abnormal proteins that cause complications. Patients with multiple myeloma may show early warning signs, including:

  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Bone pain and tenderness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Frequent infections
  • Treatment

Displaying any of these symptoms require an immediate visit to your doctor or healthcare professional who can administer the proper blood and urine tests to determine a multiple myeloma diagnosis. There are various treatment options available for multiple myeloma, depending on the severity of the cancer, they may include:

1. Targeted cancer treatment
Targeted cancer treatment is a drug treatment that focuses on abnormalities in the cancer cells that make them multiply and survive. Some of the drug treatments we recommend are carfilzomib, bortezomib, and ixazomib. These drugs ensure that the myeloma cells are not able to break down proteins in the body. This ensures that the myeloma cells die. This form of treatment is administered through injection or pills.

2. Bone marrow transplant
Since this is a bone marrow cancer, it affects the bone marrow, and one may get a bone marrow transplant to eliminate all cancer causing cells in the body. It simply involves replacing the diseased bone marrow cancer with healthy bone marrow that is cancer free. This form of treatment needs one to have a compatible bone marrow to transplant, and this may include family members. It is also infused with chemotherapy that is used to first kill all cancer forming cells before getting treatment.

3. Cancer immunology
Cancer immunology is also a treatment method that makes use of the immune system to treat cancer. This form of treatment involves three stages which are elimination, escape, and equilibrium. The immune system works to eliminate and destroy cancer forming cells. It ensures that the body can maintain a regular level of homeostasis. This method has been proven to work in eliminating multiple myeloma, and we recommend it.

4. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment when it comes to treating multiple myeloma. Chemotherapy is done to kill the fast-growing cells of cancer in the body to eliminate the chemotherapy is effective in eliminating the cancer cells, but they can grow back again. It is a rigorous treatment and can be stressful at times. It is essential to ensure that one is comfortable with having it prior to taking the treatment.