Ovarian Cancer: Types and Treatment

Ovarian cancer is one of the many female cancers. It is a disease that begins in the fallopian tubes and moves to the ovaries, the vital organs of a woman that make up the production of eggs and the main source of female hormone estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer that is in the early-stages rarely produces any symptoms. Even advanced ovarian cancer causes very few symptoms. However, some ovarian cancer symptoms to look out for include abdominal bloating, feeling full quickly after eating, weight loss, menstrual irregularity, frequent urination, discomfort in pelvic area, and changes in bowel habits. The epithelial ovarian tumors range from benign, malignant, or borderline as follows:

1. Benign Epithelial Ovarian Tumors
These benign tumors mean that they do not spread and are usually not serious. The different types of benign tumors are serous cystadenomas, mucinous cystadenomas, and Brenner tumors. Usually these types of tumors disappear on their own.

2. Borderline Epithelial Tumors
An ovarian cancer screening can usually detect borderline epithelial tumors. The type of screening done is a TVUS (transvaginal ultrasound) and CA-125 blood test. A TVUS is an ultrasound that uses sound waves to look at the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries by inserting an ultrasound wand into the vagina. However, this type of screening only finds mass tumors, it cannot tell whether that tumor is benign or malignant. A CA-125 blood test which measures the amount of protein in the blood. Women who have ovarian cancer have high levels of CA-125. Borderline epithelial tumors are categorized into two types: atypical proliferative carcinoma and atypical proliferative mucinous carcinoma. These ovarian cancers do not grow in the supporting tissue of the ovary. If they are spread outside the ovary, it can spread to the lining of the abdominal but not inside. Young women are usually the ones who develop this specific ovarian cancer. The tumors grow slowly and are non life threatening.

3. Malignant Epithelial Ovarian Tumors
Tumors that are cancerous are called carcinomas. Around 85 to 90 percent of malignant ovarian cancers are carcinomas. Serous carcinoma is the most common type of malignant ovarian cancer, but there are several other types, including clear cell, mucinous, and endometrioid carcinoma. Ovarian cancer treatments depend on many different factors, including the size of the cancer, the stage, how abnormal the cells look under a microscope, and general health. Tumors that are growing fast respond best to chemotherapy, one of the many types of ovarian cancer treatments. Depending on how far the cancer has spread from the ovary, there is also surgery involved. That means removing the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes until all of the cancer is removed. There are many different types of surgeries, depending on the stage of the cancer.

Ovarian cancer is one of the many female cancers, and there is no easy way to detect when you have it since the symptoms are so minimal. Going for an ovarian cancer screening is a good way to detect any abnormalities in the ovaries, especially if you have been having menstrual irregularities, bloating, or pelvic pain. It is good to let your doctor know of these symptoms, even if they seem unimportant.